Petroleum valves are widely used in the oil and gas industry, and different types of petroleum valves have different functions. This article will introduce in detail the specific applications of petroleum valves in the oil and gas industry.
Historically, the oil and natural gas industry has brought difficult and harsh operating conditions to equipment suppliers and production personnel. For petroleum valve manufacturers, this has translated into a growing demand for stronger, longer-lasting, and better-performing oil and gas valves.
The demand for oil and natural gas increased substantially during the Industrial Revolution and further increased to promote the development of the western economy. This demand has stimulated the need for deeper wells, longer pipelines and lower production costs, which requires drillers and refineries to choose equipment more carefully. With the advancement of production, transportation, and processing technologies, equipment performance requirements have become more and more stringent to support the ever-increasing operational efficiency. Today, performance expectations are higher than ever, because the diversity of operating conditions has expanded, and the protection of personnel and the environment has been added to the list of requirements.
The petroleum valve service environment and operating conditions in the oil and gas industry are unique and extreme. From abnormally high temperature (greater than 1,500 to 816 C) and high pressure (greater than 25,000 PSIG) to low temperature (-150 F or -101 C) or low temperature (-260 F or -162 C) and extremely low-pressure applications, petroleum valve design must meet these extremes strict condition. In addition to this wide range of conditions, the remote areas served by petroleum valves also present unique challenges. Examples include deep-sea petroleum valves that operate 10,000 feet (3,048 meters) below the sea surface and pipeline valves that are exposed to extreme temperatures in the desert. In these harsh environments, petroleum valves may remain open or closed for a long time, but even if they have not been recycled for many years, they must remain in a reliable operating state.
Every part of the oil and gas industry—upstream, midstream, and downstream—provides examples of extreme petroleum valve conditions. In the upstream section, the petroleum valve controls the flow of crude oil and natural gas from the high-pressure injection system to the top-well choke valve and blowout preventer. The petroleum valve system is required to play a role in the multi-year life of the production well-life depends on different factors such as the economy and new recovery technology. The new discoveries of oil and gas from tar sands and shale formations add complexity to valve specifications because they need to pipe oil and gas to processing facilities miles away.
The midstream part-the storage and transportation of oil and natural gas resources from remote resources (such as deep-water oil fields in the Gulf of Mexico or frozen tundra in Alaska)-has another unique set of conditions. Long pipelines require compressors along the way to maintain the flow of oil and natural gas, and require petroleum valves to protect equipment while providing minimal restrictions on flow. The conversion of natural gas into natural gas liquids in preparation for transportation from isolated gas fields to the natural gas consumer market requires extremely low temperatures. Cryogenic service requires the valve to be made of materials suitable for low temperatures and other special designs. Midstream solutions for oil and gas product loading and unloading terminals and storage tanks provide more opportunities for valve suppliers.
The tertiary industry sector-downstream brings challenges to the crude oil refining process and the sale and distribution of refined products (i.e. gasoline, fuel, bitumen, etc.) and natural gas. This part is composed of industrial, retail, distribution businesses, and is a department that provides products such as heating and transportation fuels to consumers and businesses. In addition, this part provides raw materials for various petrochemical industries that use petroleum products to make plastics, fertilizers, and medicines. Petroleum valve requirements in the downstream market include higher pressure design and metal sealing technology to adapt to the operating temperature of modern oil refineries.
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The oil and gas industry provides petroleum valve manufacturers with harsh environments for discovery, transportation, and refining, which pose extreme application challenges. At the same time, it also brings huge business opportunities to petroleum valve manufacturers. Every pipeline system in the oil and gas field requires control, regulation, shut-off and backflow prevention services. On the premise that the valve manufacturer has met industry standards. With market expectations rebounding, valve manufacturers in the oil and gas field have reason to be excited about the future.